How good is your memory? If you are like most people , your answer is probably “Not good enough!” At one time or another , most of us have wished that we could improve our ability to retain facts and information. Fortunately, with a little work, almost anyone can improve his or her memory.Here are some tips for reaching your goal.
Rethink about what you want to remember
If you want to get your information stored into Long -term Memory then its important to think about it.
- Ask questions about it, consider its meaning , and examine its relationship to information you already know.
- Engage in elaboration or “deep processing”.
- Doing so will help make the new information part of your existing knowledge frameworks and will increase your chances of remembering it.
Pay careful attention to what you want to remember
- Unless you consciously notice information you want to remember,it stands little chance of really getting “in”- into long term memory.
- Direct your full attention you want to remember.
- It will save time and effort.
- Interference is a major cause of forgetting, the more similar materials are, the more likely they are to produce interference.
- You should arrange your studying so that you don’t study similar subjects one right after the other.
- Work on subjects that are unrelated, the result may be less interference between them.
Engage in distributed learning/ practice
- Don’t try to cram all the information you want to memorize into long term storage at once.
- Space your studying over several sessions , several days.
- Keep distributed your studying contents to retain the information for a long period of time rather than just until the last exam.
Use visual imagery and other Mnemonics.
- It is easier to remember information associated with vivid mental images.
- Use mnemonics to improve your memory.
- The method of loci, involves linking points you want to remember with visual images arranged in some familiar order.
Give yourself extra retrieval cues
- You can use retrieval principle to provide yourself with extra retrieval cues to help to enhance your memory.
- Use mood-dependent memory while learning some information in a given mood and then later remember the same information by keeping yourself in that same mood.
- If your mood matches with the mood when you learned some information, your memory will be improved.
Develop your own shorthand codes
- Try to make short codes for the long contents you wish to remember.
- Your codes should be relevant according to the content you want to retain .
- Shorthand codes can be very useful techniques as the codes are made by your own tactics and convenience.